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Copyright © Carnegie Mellon University 2005-2012.

This material may be reproduced in its entirety, without modification, and freely distributed in written or electronic form without requesting formal permission.  Permission is required for any other use.  Requests for permission should be directed to the Software Engineering Institute at [email protected]

The Build Security In (BSI) portal is sponsored by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS), National Cyber Security Division. The Software Engineering Institute (SEI) develops and operates BSI. DHS funding supports the publishing of all site content.

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THIS MATERIAL OF CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY AND ITS SOFTWARE ENGINEERING INSTITUTE IS FURNISHED ON AN “AS-IS" BASIS. CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY MAKES NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, AS TO ANY MATTER INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR PURPOSE OR MERCHANTABILITY, EXCLUSIVITY, OR RESULTS OBTAINED FROM USE OF THE MATERIAL. CARNEGIE MELLON UNIVERSITY DOES NOT MAKE ANY WARRANTY OF ANY KIND WITH RESPECT TO FREEDOM FROM PATENT, TRADEMARK, OR COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT.

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Copyright © Carnegie Mellon University 2005-2012.

Sours: https://us-cert.cisa.gov/bsi/copyright/carnegie-mellon-university

Software Engineering Institute

Guidelines for Using the CERT Mark

Our licensing effort and usage guidelines are designed to help us protect and strengthen the “CERT” brand and thereby reinforce its value for organizations that we license to use it.

Do not define "CERT" as an acronym

Although CERT was once an acronym, “CERT” has been a registered mark owned by Carnegie Mellon University since 1997. Organizations that we have licensed to use the CERT® mark may use it in both their short and long names.

  • <Short Name> CERT 
  • <Long Name> CERT

Do not use “CERT” as a generic term to refer to a category of organizations

Use the term “computer security incident response teams (CSIRTs)” when referring to organizations that perform these kinds of activities. Many organizations incorporate this term in the description of their services. Examples of acceptable use include the following:

  • "<Name> is the computer security incident response team (CSIRT) for..."
  • "<Name> works closely with other computer security incident response teams (CSIRTs) around the world."
Sours: https://www.sei.cmu.edu/education-outreach/license-sei-materials/authorization-to-use-cert-mark/
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Software Engineering Institute

The CERT Division

The CERT Division is a leader in cybersecurity. We partner with government, industry, law enforcement, and academia to improve the security and resilience of computer systems and networks. We study problems that have widespread cybersecurity implications and develop advanced methods and tools to counter large-scale, sophisticated cyber threats.

What We Do

CERT experts are a diverse group of researchers, software engineers, security analysts, and digital intelligence specialists working together to research security vulnerabilities in software products, contribute to long-term changes in networked systems, and develop cutting-edge information and training to improve the practice of cybersecurity.

Our connection to the internationally known Carnegie Mellon University creates multidisciplinary collaboration opportunities and amplifies our research abilities.

Autonomy Security and Resilience

Develop and sustain security, resilience, and assurance best practices for the development, construction, and employment of machine learning systems.

Cybersecurity Center Development

Develop measurable and repeatable practices to prepare CSIRTS and other operational security organizations.

Cybersecurity Engineering

Develop methods for engineering mission-essential capabilities that balance security and resliency with mission performance.

Cyber Workforce Development

Develop and maintain a well-equipped cyber workforce that is immediately able to support the cybersecurity needs of organizations.

Secure Development

Assess platforms through the analysis of source code to assure they adhere to security best practices.

System and Platform Evaluation

Assess software, devices, systems, and platforms of unknown design or origin to find vulnerabilities and strategies for defending against possible attacks.

Security Vulnerabilities

Reduce exposure to known vulnerabilities in systems.

History

The CERT Division is the birthplace of cybersecurity. For nearly 30 years, the CERT Division of the SEI has partnered with government, industry, law enforcement, and academia to advance cybersecurity and improve the security and resilience of computer systems and networks.

Originally focused on incident response, we have expanded into cybersecurity areas such as network situational awareness, malicious code analysis, secure coding, resilience management, insider threats, digital investigations and intelligence, workforce development, DevOps, forensics, software assurance, vulnerability discovery and analysis, and risk management.

The CERT Division - Barbara Fraser and Ed DeHart

Barbara Fraser and Ed DeHart, part of the SEI’s CERT/CC in the early 1990s

Former Director Richard Pethia

Richard Pethia was founding director of the SEI's CERT Division. Pethia, who served as director of CERT from 1988 to 2016, guided the organization through tremendous growth and change. Under Pethia's leadership, the unit expanded and evolved from the CERT Coordination Center—a small group focused on computer incident response—to a research organization of more than 200 professionals dedicated to solving problems with widespread cybersecurity implications.

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Former Director Richard Pethia
Sours: https://www.sei.cmu.edu/about/divisions/cert/
Information Technology Management (Information Security Concentration)

Greg Touhill Named Director of Carnegie Mellon University’s Software Engineering Institute CERT Division

Carnegie Mellon University’s (CMU) Software Engineering Institute (SEI) has announced the appointment of Gregory J. Touhill as director of the SEI’s CERT Division.

A federally funded research and development center, the SEI helps government and industry organizations develop and operate software systems that are secure and reliable. The SEI’s CERT Division is known around the world for its culture of innovation in cybersecurity areas such as cyber incident management, malicious software analysis, cyber resilience, insider threat detection and mitigation, and cyber workforce development.

Touhill was appointed by former President Barack Obama to be the first chief information security officer (CISO) of the United States. Previously he served in the Department of Homeland Security as deputy assistant secretary, Office of Cybersecurity and Communications, National Programs and Protection Directorate. Most recently he was president of Appgate Federal, a provider of cybersecurity services to government defense and civil agencies.

“Greg Touhill’s cybersecurity experience reaches broadly across not only the U.S. government, but also into industry and academia,” said CMU Vice President for Research J. Michael McQuade. “As an adjunct faculty member of the CMU Heinz College, he well knows the cybersecurity needs from all sectors. We are pleased to have such an experienced leader and internationally recognized lecturer and educator to direct the CERT Division of the SEI and to partner with researchers across the university in our work to improve the security and resilience of our nation’s information infrastructure.”

Touhill is a 30-year veteran of the U.S. Air Force where he served not only as a senior leader of cybersecurity and information technology programs, but also as a military commander and recipient of the Bronze Star. He retired from the Air Force with the rank of brigadier general.

“Our nation is constantly tested by persistent and growing cybersecurity risks that threaten the nation’s defense, homeland security, and intelligence communities,” said Paul Nielsen, SEI director and CEO. “With his broad experience in the Departments of Defense and Homeland Security, we are confident that Greg will lead our CERT Division in making significant advances in the complex task of securing the nation’s critical infrastructures.”

Touhill received his bachelor’s degree in political science from Penn State University, a master’s degree in systems management from the University of Southern California, a master’s degree in strategic studies from the Air War College, and a certificate from the Harvard Kennedy School. He maintains both the CISSP and CISM certifications. A member of many organizational boards and committees and recipient of many awards, Touhill was recognized by Security Magazine as one of its Most Influential People in Security and by Federal Computer Week in the Federal 100. He is the co-author of the book Cybersecurity for Executives: A Practical Guide, and is also a strategic advisor to the Government Technology & Services Coalition and a valued member of Homeland’s Security Today’s editorial board.

“Throughout my professional career I have been fortunate to be a member of some amazing teams that have contributed to protecting national security and national prosperity,” said Touhill. “I am honored to be selected as the director of the SEI CERT Division to pursue the mission of assuring our nation’s cyber defense. I look forward to joining this internationally-recognized team of cyber experts that for over 35 years has been at the forefront of reducing cyber threats to the nation’s critical infrastructure and researching next-generation solutions that harden the cyber ecosystem.”

Sours: https://www.hstoday.us/people-on-the-move/greg-touhill-named-director-of-carnegie-mellon-universitys-software-engineering-institute-cert-division/

Mellon cert carnegie

CERT Coordination Center

The CERT Coordination Center (CERT/CC) is the coordination center of the computer emergency response team (CERT) for the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), a non-profit United States federally funded research and development center. The CERT/CC researches software bugs that impact software and internet security, publishes research and information on its findings, and works with business and government to improve security of software and the internet as a whole.

History[edit]

The first organization of its kind, the CERT/CC was created in Pittsburgh in November 1988 at DARPA's direction in response to the Morris worm incident.[1] The CERT/CC is now part of the CERT Division of the Software Engineering Institute, which has more than 150 cybersecurity professionals working on projects that take a proactive approach to securing systems. The CERT Program partners with government, industry, law enforcement, and academia to develop advanced methods and technologies to counter large-scale, sophisticated cyber threats.

The CERT Program is part of the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), a federally funded research and development center (FFRDC) at Carnegie Mellon University's main campus in Pittsburgh. CERT is a registered trademark of Carnegie Mellon University.[2]

Confusion with US-CERT and other CERTs[edit]

In 2003, the Department of Homeland Security entered into an agreement with Carnegie Mellon University to create US-CERT.[3] US-CERT is the national computer security incident response team (CSIRT) for the United States of America. This cooperation often causes confusion between the CERT/CC and US-CERT. While related, the two organizations are distinct entities. In general, US-CERT handles cases that concern US national security, whereas CERT/CC handles more general cases, often internationally.

The CERT/CC coordinates information with US-CERT and other computer security incident response teams, some of which are licensed to use the name “CERT.” [4] While these organizations license the "CERT" name from Carnegie Mellon University, these organizations are independent entities established in their own countries and are not operated by the CERT/CC.

The CERT/CC established FIRST, an organization promoting cooperating and information exchange between the various National CERTs and private Product Security PSIRTs.

Capabilities[edit]

The research work of the CERT/CC is split up into several different Work Areas.[5] Some key capabilities and products are listed below.

Coordination[edit]

The CERT/CC works directly with software vendors in the private sector as well as government agencies to address software vulnerabilities and provide fixes to the public. This process is known as coordination.

The CERT/CC promotes a particular process of coordination known as Responsible Coordinated Disclosure. In this case, the CERT/CC works privately with the vendor to address the vulnerability before a public report is published, usually jointly with the vendor's own security advisory. In extreme cases when the vendor is unwilling to resolve the issue or cannot be contacted, the CERT/CC typically discloses information publicly after 45 days since first contact attempt.[6]

Software vulnerabilities coordinated by the CERT/CC may come from internal research or from outside reporting. Vulnerabilities discovered by outside individuals or organizations may be reported to the CERT/CC using the CERT/CC's Vulnerability Reporting Form.[7] Depending on severity of the reported vulnerability, the CERT/CC may take further action to address the vulnerability and coordinate with the software vendor.

Knowledge Base and Vulnerability Notes[edit]

The CERT/CC regularly publishes Vulnerability Notes in the CERT KnowledgeBase.[8][9] Vulnerability Notes include information about recent vulnerabilities that were researched and coordinated, and how individuals and organizations may mitigate such vulnerabilities.

The Vulnerability Notes database is not meant to be comprehensive.

Vulnerability Analysis Tools[edit]

The CERT/CC provides a number of free tools to the security research community.[10] Some tools offered include the following.

  • CERT Tapioca—a pre-configured virtual appliance for performing man-in-the-middle attacks. This can be used to analyze network traffic of software applications and determine if the software uses encryption correctly, etc.
  • BFF (Basic Fuzzer Framework) -- a mutational file fuzzer for Linux
  • FOE (Failure Observation Engine) -- a mutational file fuzzer for Windows
  • Dranzer—Microsoft ActiveX vulnerability discovery

Training[edit]

The CERT/CC periodically offers training courses for researchers, or organizations looking to establish their own PSIRTs.[11]

CERT Coordination Center

Controversies[edit]

In the summer of 2014, CERT research funded by the US Federal Government was key to the de-anonymization of Tor (anonymity network), and information subpoenaed from CERT by the FBI was used to take down SilkRoad 2.0 that fall. FBI denied paying CMU to deanonymize users,[12] and CMU denied receiving funding for its compliance with the government's subpoena.[13]

Despite indirectly contributing to taking down numerous illicit websites and the arrest of at least 17 suspects, the research raised multiple issues:

  • about computer security research ethics as a concern to the Tor community[14] and others[15]
  • about being unreasonably searched online as related to the guarantee by the US 4th amendment[14]
  • about SEI/CERT acting at cross-purposes to its own missions, actions including withholding the vulnerabilities it had found from the software implementers and the public.[15]

CMU said in a statement in November 2015 that "...the university from time to time is served with subpoenas requesting information about research it has performed. The university abides by the rule of law, complies with lawfully issued subpoenas and receives no funding for its compliance", even though Motherboard reported that neither the FBI nor CMU explained how the authority first learned about the research and then subpoenaed for the appropriate information.[13] In the past, SEI had also declined to explain the nature of this particular research in response to press inquiries saying: "Thanks for your inquiry, but it is our practice not to comment on law enforcement investigations or court proceedings."[16]

Further information: Tor (anonymity network) § Relay early attack, and Operation Onymous § Tor 0-day exploit

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^"About Us: The CERT Division". Software Engineering Institute. Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  2. ^"Trademarks and Service Marks". Software Engineering Institute. Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  3. ^"U.S. Department of Homeland Security Announces Partnership with Carnegie Mellon's CERT Coordination Center". SEI Press Release. Carnegie Mellon University. September 15, 2003. Retrieved December 7, 2014.
  4. ^"National CSIRTs". Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  5. ^CERT/CC. "The CERT Division". Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  6. ^"Vulnerability Disclosure Policy". Software Engineering Institute. Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  7. ^"CERT Coordination Center".
  8. ^"Vulnerability Notes Database". Software Engineering Institute. Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved October 27, 2017.
  9. ^Cory Bennett (November 3, 2014). "New initiative aims to fix software security flaws". TheHill. Retrieved December 6, 2014.
  10. ^"Vulnerability Analysis Tools". Software Engineering Institute. Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  11. ^"CERT Training Courses". Software Engineering Institute. Carnegie Mellon University. Retrieved March 9, 2015.
  12. ^"FBI: 'The allegation that we paid CMU $1M to hack into Tor is inaccurate'". Ars Technica. November 14, 2015.
  13. ^ ab"US defence department funded Carnegie Mellon research to break Tor". The Guardian. February 25, 2016.
  14. ^ abDingledine, Roger (November 11, 2015). "Did the FBI Pay a University to Attack Tor Users?". Tor Project. Retrieved November 20, 2015.
  15. ^ abFelten, Ed (July 31, 2014). "Why were CERT researchers attacking Tor?". Freedom to Tinker, Center for Information Technology Policy, Princeton University.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  16. ^"Court Docs Show a University Helped FBI Bust Silk Road 2, Child Porn Suspects". Motherboard. November 11, 2015. Retrieved November 20, 2015.

External links[edit]

Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CERT_Coordination_Center
Overview of the CERT® Resilience Management Model (CERT®-RMM)

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