Michigan Gun Owners Community Forum > Firearms Issues/Discussions > General Firearms Discussion > How easy is it to become a FFL.
View Full Version : How easy is it to become a FFL.
I've read all the desciptions on the ATF website on how to apply. Iam just wondering if there is restrictions or what not. I just figure if you are able to get a CPL than you should be able to get a FFL. Educate me people.
I've been thinking about applying for a Type 1 FFL myself. Wikipedia seems to have some good descriptions on the different types of licenses as well as some restrictions here's the link -> Federal Firearms License (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Federal_Firearms_License).
Here's the ATF website I've been looking at, as well you can get all the forms as well as fingerprint cards you'll need (depending on the license) -> Become an FFL (http://www.atf.gov/firearms/how-to/become-an-ffl.html)
I'm still wondering if I can just use this license as to purchase firearms for myself, sell some here and there and as well as do transfers or if need to have a building & make it a full fledged gun shop.
This the email I got back when asking about where to make the money order out to for the application fee.
Thank you for contacting the ATFs Federal Firearms Licensing Center (FFLC) with your e-mail inquiry.
The fee for a Type 01 Dealers License is $ for a three year license. Method of payment can be check, money order, or credit card. To apply for a Federal Firearms License (FFL):
A FFL is required under the Gun Control Act (GCA) to engage in business as a manufacturer, importer or dealer in firearms. [18 U.S.C. (a)(1), (a)] A license application (except for curios and relics) must include a photograph and fingerprints of the applicant.
An application will be approved if the applicant
(1) Is 21 years of age or over;
(2) Is not prohibited from transporting, shipping, or receiving firearms or ammunition in or affecting interstate or foreign commerce;
(3) Has not willfully violated any provision of the GCA;
(4) Has not willfully failed to disclose any material information or made any false statement;
(5) Has a State premises from which to engage in business; and
(6) Certifies that the business will comply with State and local law and that local law enforcement officials have been notified of the application. [18 U.S.C. (d)(1)]
Licenses are issued for a 3-year period. Licenses may be revoked, or a license renewal application denied, if the licensee has willfully violated any provision of the GCA. A license may only be issued for a permanent premise at which the license applicant intends to do business.
A Federal Firearms License under 18 U.S.C. Chapter
a. Is NOT a license to carry, use, or possess a firearm.
b. Confers NO right or privilege to conduct business or activity contrary to State or other law.
c. Is a business license and will not be issued to an applicant solely intending to enhance a personal firearms collection.
d. Is NOT a license to sell ammunition.
e. Is NOT a license to buy and sell firearms at gun shows only.
Please request an application package at: [email protected] Provide them with your name, mailing address, and quantity of applications requested.
I hope this has been responsive to your e-mail inquiry. Thank you for allowing the FFLC to assist with your inquiry and/or concerns.
Customer Service Specialist
Also, sorry if I hijacked your topic to ask a few questions of my own but I was thinking about the same thing a couple of days ago.
Mike in Michigan
The 1st thing to do is find out if your local government will allow you to operate as an FFL at your location.
The days of the kitchen table FFL are over so, you will need a dedicated "place of business".
Something to consider if having an FFL operating out of your home is that your home then becomes subject to BATFE annual inspections.
The BATFE wants to see you operating a business, not supporting your hobby.
You will also need MI sales tax license, local business license.
I recommend setting up as an LLC (legalzoom.com).
Been there, still doing it.
Thanks fellas, I am just tired of paying shop prices and would mind getting a few here and there for friends, family.
here's a link that I just ran across that should help as well -> Michigan Ordinances & Code (http://www.law.msu.edu/library/substantive/local.html)
A ffl holder that I know mentioned a few things to me that he had to do. 1. if he buys a gun he has to keep it for a minium of a year 2. has te sell a certain # of firearms per year 3. its out of his house so the batf does their inspections there and inspects his personal firearms and how they're secured as well 4. he has store hours and pretty much has to operate within those hours so he doesnt raise flags.
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For all firearms license types - 01, 02, 06, 07, 08, 09, 10, 11 AND type 03 (Collector of Curio & Relics)
Once you have decided to make an application for a Federal Firearms License (commonly referred to as an “FFL”), send the completed application to the ATF post office box listed on the application form, Application for License (FFL) - ATF Form 7/7CR. The application must be accompanied by the proper application fee, which you can pay by check, credit card or money order (we do not accept cash).
First review and background check
Once the application fee is processed, the Federal Firearms Licensing Center (FFLC) will enter your application information into its database and commence a full review of your application. For all license types, except type 03, required supporting materials, including fingerprint card(s) and photograph(s) will also be reviewed.
As required by law, the FFLC will then conduct an electronic background check on all the Responsible Persons you have identified on your application. ATF defines a Responsible Person (RP) as a sole proprietor, partner, or anyone having the power to direct the management, policies, and practices of the business or activity as it pertains to firearms. In a corporation this includes corporate officers, shareholders, board members, or any other employee with the legal authority described above. All responsible persons must complete their own Part B – Responsible Person Questionnaire of the ATF Form 7/7CR.
For all license types, except type 03 (onsite inspections are not required for Collector of Curio and Relics FFLs), the FFLC will then send the applications to the nearest ATF field office having responsibility for the area in which the business is located.
Interview and final review
The field office supervisor will issue an assignment to an Industry Operations Investigator (IOI) who will conduct an in-person interview with you. The IOI will discuss federal, state and local requirements with you, and go over your application with you to ensure the information is correct and current.
The IOI will then prepare a report of his/her interview, the inspection and make a recommendation to either issue you the license or deny the application. Some reasons for denial may include failure to comply with State or local law (such as zoning ordinances), evidence of previous willful violations of the Gun Control Act, or falsification of the application.
The field office supervisor will also review the report and then submit his/her recommendation to the FFLC.
Assuming that all background checks have been completed and your business address and proposed business operations are in compliance with state and local law, the FFLC will complete the application processing and issue you the license. This process will take approximately 60 days from the receipt of a properly completed application.
A Complete Guide to Getting Your FFL in Michigan (MI)
Federal Firearms License (FFL) holders provide the people of Michigan a safe and legal way to sell, trade, purchase firearms and firearm-related accessories, such as ammo.
Having your Concealed Pistol License in Michigan is not a requirement of an FFL, but most people get their CPL before their FFL.
There are just a few requirements to follow to get your FFL in Michigan. At Rocket FFL, we hope to make this process as easy as possible, eliminating as much hassle as we can from the process.
In this article, we will discuss:
- FFL Cost
- Steps to getting your FFL in Michigan
- Federal Requirements for an FFL
- Michigan State Requirements for an FFL
- Michigan Local (City/Town) FFL Requirements
- FAQs and additional resources
FFL Cost in Michigan
How much does an FFL cost in Michigan? An FFL in Michigan costs between $$ for the first 3 years.
When you fill out an FFL application with the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF), you choose from several license types. Depending on what you want to do with the license determines the kind of FFL Gun Dealer License you need.
Each license type varies in price due to the different functions it allows the FFL licensee to perform. This includes whether the licensee is just trying to sell a few handguns, incorporate gunsmithing, trade curios, or handle NFA items.
Each of these different activities requires a different type of license for which the application fees range in price.
FFL License Cost by Type
Due to established gun laws, if you want to handle NFA items or be a distributor of silencers/suppressors, short-barrel rifles, machine guns, destructive devices, etc., you must pay additional costs in the form of an SOT license registration.
Steps to Getting Your FFL
To become an FFL dealer in Michigan, you need to:
- Ensure you meet the federal and state requirements for an FFL
- Choose your FFL type
- Take an FFL course
- Submit your FFL application forms
Step 1: Ensure You Meet FFL Federal Requirements
All federal requirements for FFL holders need to be met before moving forward with getting your FFL in Michigan. These requirements are the same for everyone in the United States.
We detail them for you below.
Step 2: Choose Your FFL Type
Perhaps the most complicated step is choosing and making sure you apply for the appropriate type of FFL. As the responsible person (RP) in your company, you need to determine what you are trying to do with your business and choose the type of license that allows you to lawfully operate.
The average FFL dealer needs either a Type 01 license to sell firearms and gunsmithing or a Type 07 license used for manufacturing handguns. A Type 07 license lets businesses both manufacture and sell firearms.
We’ve put together this article, where we break down the differences of each license and why you might need one over another.
NFA firearms and accessories require an SOT (Special Occupational Taxpayer) designation. You can not apply for your SOT until after you have been assigned an FFL number. The SOT requirement is enacted by the National Firearms Act of (NFA), which was later updated with Title II of the Gun Control Act.
Planning to sell these NFA items means you’ll need to be an SOT:
- Full-auto machine guns
- Short-barreled rifles which includes rifles with a barrel shorter than 16″ or an overall length under 26″ each
- Short-barreled shotguns which includes shotguns with a barrel shorter than 18″ or an overall length under 26” each
- Destructive devices — including grenades, mines, bombs, etc.
- Any other firearm weapons such as pen guns, specific customized handguns, etc.
We’ve created a table that describes each FFL License type and which SOT Class to apply for after receiving your FFL number to sell firearms and accessories covered under the NFA.
For more specifics, take our Get Your FFL Course, in which we outline the process from start to finish.
Step 3: Take an FFL Course
We believe that your next imperative step is taking an FFL course from a qualified instructor.
With heightened gun laws, getting your CPL, let alone your FFL License, can be complex. For this reason, I developed courses based on my decades of research and work as a firearms attorney to help you get your FFL hassle-free.
My course not only covers getting your FFL, but it also covers everything you need to know to get your FFL, specifically in Michigan.
My background as a firearms attorney specializing in ATF compliance has helped me help others rather than profit off their mistakes! I’ll teach you how to become and remain compliant the first time.
I highly recommend that you get this FFL Course and the SOT Course combo. It’s only an extra $10, but it teaches you how to register to buy and sell silencers and Short Barreled Rifles (SBRs) in addition to standard firearms covered by just your FFL.
Step 4: Submit Your FFL Application Forms
After completing our course, meeting all the federal and state requirements, and choosing the license type you need, you are ready to apply for your FFL.
Certain states require multiple forms and extra steps depending on your location. However, the Rocket FFL course covers every detail you need and access to all the necessary documents to quickly and efficiently apply for your Federal Firearms License.
Federal Requirements for an FFL
The federal requirements for getting an FFL, whether you want to use it for trading curios or as a gunsmith, are the same for every state.
The United States Federal Government requires FFL holders:
- Be at least 21 years of age
- Be a US Citizen or legal permanent resident
- Be legally permitted to possess firearms and ammo with no felony convictions, no records of being a psychological patient, or a current user of controlled substances
- Have a predetermined location for conducting FFL business, including home-based FFLs
- Have never violated the Gun Control Act (GCA) or related regulations
- Do not make any false statements/claims on your FFL application
Michigan state-specific requirements can be addressed once you satisfy all of these Federal requirements.
Michigan State Requirements for an FFL
The state of Michigan requirements for an FFL can be broken down into two categories:
- State licensing requirements
- Business registration requirements
Michigan State Licensing Requirements
While there aren’t any additional special licensing requirements for Michigan FFL holders, there’s a specific tax license all potential MI firearms customers need for handgun purchases.
Customers must obtain this Concealed Pistol License from their local law enforcement agency or police department to purchase a handgun.
You can not legally sell a handgun to anyone in the state of Michigan without a CPL.
Michigan Business Registration Requirements
As with any other state, gun dealers must register their business with the State of Michigan.
Please be advised that, although you may have previously registered your business with another state, Michigan still requires you to register your FFL gun dealership officially in Michigan. We suggest out-of-state registration in our Get Your FFL course.
Learn how to register your FFL business in Michigan through the Michigan Economic Development Corporation. They provide an excellent resource for how to register your Michigan business.
Michigan Local (City/Town) FFL Requirements
The biggest hurdle for most Michigan FFLs is local zoning requirements. You must ensure the location you use as a base of operations (often a home-based FFL) allows for a business.
A home-based FFL business will often be told it can’t operate in a residential area due to a misunderstanding about the type of business activity held there.
When a zoning department hears “FFL,” they may assume regular retail business and heavy foot traffic. Still, most home-based FFLs don’t have retail-level traffic and only have occasional visits from customers.
This kind of valuable information is covered, including requirements for specific business hours, in our Get Your FFL course. Check it out!
Michigan FFL Summary
In reality, getting your Michigan FFL is relatively easy if you know what to expect.
Our course lays out all federal, state, and local requirements, plus breaks down the best way to establish and legally operate your firearms business. We can help you fill in the proper forms so that youll be on your way to being the next Michigan FFL holder!
The danger of spending too many hours researching and trying to get it right on your own is remedied with our course. Confidently fill out your forms and get through the process with ease with just a click! When it comes to firearm business establishment, you want to know that you are running your business safely and within all the confines of both federal and local laws.
Let me help you take the next step toward your dream!
FAQ for Michigan FFL Licensing
How much does it cost to get an FFL in Michigan?
An FFL in Michigan costs anywhere from $30 to $ for 3 years, depending on the type of FFL you choose. For a full breakdown of the cost of an FFL, check here.
Do I need an FFL in Michigan?
Yes! If you plan to sell, transfer, manufacture, or do anything else for profit involving firearms, you are legally required to have an active FFL.
Does Michigan require extra licensing for FFLs?
No, there are no additional licensing requirements for FFLs in Michigan, but there is a special tax license that customers must acquire to purchase a firearm from an FFL dealer.
Do I need to register a business for an FFL in Michigan?
Yes, like any other state, if you are forming a business for your FFL, it must be registered in Michigan.
Can I get an FFL to save money on guns?
No, you should not get an FFL just to save money on guns. One of the main requirements for getting your FFL is “business intent,” meaning you intend to operate a gun-related business.
However, you may wait to start your business until after you receive your FFL number.
Extra Resources For Getting a Michigan FFL
US Code § : Code § covers federal regulations for the import, manufacture, and dealing of firearms and ammunition. This is the federal law that requires those operating firearms businesses to get an FFL.
US CFR § Issuance of license.: This code explains how a Federal Firearms License is issued, including who must assign the license number. It requires the ATF (Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives) to qualify applicants based on a predetermined list of requirements and to issue Federal Firearms Licenses.
If a correctly submitted FFL application has been submitted on ATF Form 7, the Chief of the Federal Firearms Licensing Center (a department at the ATF) must issue the license and assign a serial number to the licensee.
Gun Control Act (GCA): The GCA of establishes stricter laws on the firearms industry than were already present in the NFA. New regulations regarding firearms offenses, firearms/ammunition sales to “prohibited persons,” and federal jurisdiction for “destructive devices” (bombs, grenades, mines, etc.) were created with the GCA.
Starting a Business in Michigan: Need help finding out where to start with your new business? Check out this article from the Michigan Department of State showing you how to do just that!
Michigan Department of Law Enforcement Firearm Laws Manual: Firearms dealers in Michigan can use this guide to properly handle firearms sales and navigate current gun laws.
FFL Types: Use this guide to make sure that you choose the right type of Federal Firearms License for what you want to do.
Home-Based FFL: Don’t want to pay for a storefront but wish to operate as an FFL holder from your home? We explain how to do it from start to finish.
Ryan Cleckner is a former special operations sniper and current attorney specializing in firearms law/ATF compliance and is a firearms industry executive (former govt. relations manager for NSSF, Vice President of Remington Outdoor Company, and a SAAMI voting board member).
How To Get An FFL License In Michigan
Have you ever though about how to get an FFL license in Michigan and wondered what the associated cost may be including attorneys fees ?
If you wish to be in the business of selling and transferring firearms in Michigan the FFL licensing requirements are very strict and a qualified attorney can tell you what it takes, and how to get an FFL in Michigan.
Michigan FFL attorneys can be of great assistance if you are in the process of obtaining your Federal Firearms License. During this process you will learn that as a FFL dealer Michigan and federal gun laws may apply.
Representing gun dealers in matters concerning the Bureau Of Alcohol Tobacco Firearms and Explosives, an FFL compliance lawyer can be of great assistance when learning about how to become and FFL dealer.
Michigan attorneys can also help you in matters concerning revocation of your Federal Firearms License and compliance inspections.
Having the help of someone that has been through the process on multiple occasions limits your chances of being denied.
Did you know that you can fill out the necessary paperwork yourself and possibly save thousands on legal fees ?
FFL Application Fee Michigan
Fees vary depending upon the type of license you are wanting to obtain. Fees range from $30 for a C&R license up to $ for other types of licenses.
These fees are required to paid when you submit your application to the ATF. The application fees in no way guarantee that you application will be approved.
There may also be fees imposed by the State of Michigan if you are wishing to start a business.
There are 9 different types of licenses that are available and each one gives you different options when it comes to handling, importing, repairing, manufacturing and selling firearms in Michigan.
Information on how to get a Home Based FFL in Michigan can be found on the home based FFL page it is more than affordable !
SOT Special Occupation Tax
Please note that if you plan on selling NFA items such as suppressors in Michigan you will need to apply for a SOT in addition to your chosen FFL. The SOT is a special occupation tax which grants you the ability to deal in NFA items.
Michigan 01 FFL License
Dealer in Firearms Other Than Destructive Devices
The Type 1 FFL License in Michigan allows you the ability to deal in Title 1 firearms, it also includes extraordinary Michigan gunsmiths that may take in and repair weapons.
Michigan 02 FFL License
Pawnbroker in Firearms Other Than Destructive Devices
The type 02 allows pawnbrokers the ability to take in and return to the person who holds the pawn ticket, firearms that they have loaned money on.
Michigan 03 FFL License
Collector of Curios and Relics (C&R)
The C&R license in Michigan allows individuals the ability to collect C&R firearms. These firearms must be manufactured 50 years prior to the current date, this does not include newly manufactured replica firearms.
With a C&R license you may purchase these collectable firearms and have them shipped directly to your home thus avoiding any Michigan FFL transfer fees and background checks.
Please note that avoiding the background checks and Michigan FFL transfer fees only apply to those firearms that fall within the category of C&R firearms.
You can not purchase modern day firearms with aC&R license. More information about how to get a C&R license in Michigan can be found at the link above.
Michigan 06 FFL License
Manufacturer of Ammunition for Firearms
The type 06 allows you to manufacture ammunition ( with the exception of armor piercing rounds) and sell to the general public.
You do not need a 06 license if you reload as a hobby, however, you may not sell any ammunition you reload as a hobby to the general public without facing stiff fines and penalties including incarceration.
Michigan 07 FFL License
Manufacturer of Firearms Other Than Destructive Devices
The type 07 FFL license allows Michigan businesses to manufacture firearms and ammo and sell to the general public. It does not allow you to manufacture any firearm that may fall under the guidelines of the National Firearms Act, unless you also get a 02 SOT.
Michigan 08 FFL License
Importer of Firearms Other Than Destructive Devices
The type 08 license allows you to import title 1 ammunition and firearms from other countries.
Michigan 09 FFL License
Dealer in Destructive Devices
The type 09 license allows you the ability to deal in title 1 firearms and those items which are considered destructive devices by the National Firearms Act. It does not include any other items that may be regulated by the act. Night vision goggles are not considered to be a destructive devices.
Michigan 10 FFL License
Manufacturer of Destructive Devices
The type 10 License allows you the ability to manufacture Title 1 firearms, ammunition, ammunition components and destructive devices.
It does not include armor piercing rounds or any other items that may be regulated by the National Firearms Act.
11 FFL License
Importer of Destructive Devices
The type 11FFL License allows you the ability to import Title 1 firearms, regulated destructive devices and ammunition.
Please note that the above descriptions are brief and you may find more information by visiting the Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco Firearms and Explosives website.
Can I Get A FFL With My Michigan Gun Trust ?
In short the answer is a resounding NO. A Michigan gun trust is neither a person or a corporation and therefore will not be issued a Federal Firearms License. However, a trust can be the owner of a LLC or Corporation which in fact can apply for an FFL.
Michigan FFL Dealer Requirements
As an MI FFL holder you must keep strict records of all transactions.
Each sale must be recorded and your paperwork will on occasion be audited by the BATFE.
You also must be at least 21 years of age with a clean criminal history.
A secure environment may also required as well as adhering to any State of Michigan , local or community laws, including zoning requirements if required.
You must be a legal resident of the United States.
If you have served our country in any of the armed services you must have had an honorable discharge.
You must not have been a psychological patient or a user of controlled substances.
Who Is Eligible For A Federal Firearms License In Michigan ?
Eligibility requirements for those individuals in Michigan who wish to apply for a Federal Firearms License is determined by the ATF. View the FFL eligibility requirements.
Getting an MI FFL license may enable you to purchase firearms and ammo at dealer prices. This may enable you to start a great new business or hobby.
Contact any of our Michigan Federal Firearms License Attorneys today to find out what any associated legal cost may be when learning how to get an FFL license in Michigan.
David A Bieganowski, PLC
Michigan FFL gun dealers directory of shops
List by zip code
Search within these results:
<< <  > >> Results 1 - 10 of
Boeckl, William M
Hoit Tower Dr
Bloomfield Hills, MI
Kieltyka, Frank K
Hunters Choice, The
Tuinstra, Alan E; Tuinstra, Eric A
Grand Rapids, MI
R & R Sporting Goods
Swinson, Richard Lee
Weaponery Shop, The
Love, Richard James
Murphy Lk Rd
Dunhams Sports #
Dunhams Athleisure Corporation
W Genessee St
Jones, Larry J
Peak Shooters Supply, LLC
White Cloud, MI
Stuart, Hillis Craig
J C Bait & Tackle
Torp, Jens Christensen
Grand Junction, MI
<< <  > >> Results 1 - 10 of
How to get an FFL in Michigan Updated for
Securing a Federal Firearms License is a potentially difficult process and that’s why you should rethink doing it all on your own. It is actually recommended that you seek professional and expert guidance on how to sail through all the required steps of application. If you don’t know how to get a class 3 license in Michigan, then this information will be of great help.
Requirements to FFL Michigan holdersFor an application for the FFL to go through, these requirements MUST be met (According to the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives):
You must be 21 years of age or over
You must not have willingly gone against the Gun Control Act or any of its regulations
You must not withhold information or given false details concerning any information required during application
You must also prove that the business under which the license will be operated is legal, is able to comply with state and local law requirements, and that there exists secure gun storage and safety devices for use under the license.
You should not, at the time of applying for the FFL, be prohibited from dealing with firearms in any way.
The reasons for getting an FFL licenseRegardless of how challenging it is, these are some of the encouraging reasons why you should go ahead and get professional guidance in securing an FFL.
You can start a business where you sell firearms.
You can have your own collection of classics
Owning a firearm makes you feel safe at home or in your business
Now you will be able to join the shot show
How Do You Get Started?The fact that Michigan doesn’t have specific FFL issuance laws makes obtaining one a complicated process to go through on your own. First, you’ll need to get a Michigan Sales Tax and Business Tax License. Your physical location should also be within Michigan. Once Form 7 has been mailed to your address, you will be required to fill it and mail it back alongside other additional support documents. Make sure you provide true and accurate information about yourself because a thorough background check will be run just to clarify everything. We have helped thousands of others like you get a Michigan FFL so don’t feel hopeless. We are here to help.
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